Steiff, Steiff teddy bear, Steiff bear, Bing bear, Bing Teddy Bear,
Bing, Farnell, J.K. Farnell, Farnell Teddy Bear, Farnell Bear,
Merrythought, Merrythought teddy bear, Merryweather, Merrythought bear,
Chiltern teddy bear, Chiltern, Chiltern Bear, Teddy Toy Company, Terry,
Harwin, Schuco, Colonel Bob Henderson, Good Bears of the World, Peter
Bull, Theodore, Elliot, Alfonzo, Teddy Girl, World Record, Peter
Rabbit, Daniel Agnew, Christie's, Christies, Leyla Maniera, Einco,
kapok, excelsior, wood wool, straw, squeaker, growler, mohair, Pat and
Nora, Hermann, Sue Pearson, Pam Hebbs, Leanda Harwood, Ian Pout,
Bonhams, Bonham's, Antique Teddy Bear, Golly, Gollywogg, Gollywog,
Golliwog, Florence K Upton, Teddy Tail, Rupert Bear, Paddington, Sooty,
Sweep, Soo, Nookie, Hugglets, daniel agnew
Brothers Ignaz and Adolph Bing
founded the Company and it was based in Nuremberg, selling
toys and kitchenware. A factory, known as Bing Brothers Nuremberg
Toy Factory, was established in the 1880's to manufacture
Established a factory in Grunhain, Saxony
Became a public limited company, the name changed to Nuremberg
Metal and Enamelware Works. Adolph Bing left the company and
Ignaz became chairman.
Bing began producing plush toys including teddy bears.
Legal battle with Steiff re the "button in
Neinrich Muller, the founder of Schuco, joined the company.
He was trained by Kunz Weidlich the designer.
Bing Ltd, operating from East London, became
sole agents in Britain (as part of Eisenmann & Co Ltd).
A lawsuit with Steiff began, which was to last until 1915,
re the somersaulting bear
Agents Concentra specialise in marketing all Bing
products under different brand names. Bing was the only toy
manufacturer to continue production during WWI.
Ignaz Bing died
L Rees & Co., based in London, act as distribution
agents of Bing toys in Britain and Commonwealth. Stephen Bing,
Ignaz's son, becomes director general and the company name was
changed to Bing Works.
Stephen Bing and all other family members left the company.
A variety of reasons are offered ranging from boardroom disagreements
to the treatment of Jews (the Bing family were Jewish) by Adolf
The company went into receivership, equipment
was auctioned and parts are sold off, some to rivals such as
Karl Bub another Nuremberg toy company, Fleischmann and Schuco.
1992 - 1994
In May 1992 Eric Kluge was in the USA on business. He was
contacted by an elderly lady called Sarah Neumann, re some teddy
bear patterns she owned. That lady was born Sarah Bing. Eric
took the patterns and as soon as he returned to Germany he registered
the logo and the company "Bing". In 1994 Gebruder
Bing was reborn.
A synthetically produced fibre. Acrylic (polymethyl
methacrylate) was developed after World War II for use in Courtelle,
Dralon and other synthetic fabrics. The resultant fabric woven
from acrylic fibres is very soft and warm.
The alpaca is a small llama. It's long, strong, fleece produces
a soft and woolly fabric.
Someone who loves and usually collects teddy bears
Artificial Silk (Art-silk)
A man-made fibre, invented in the 1880's and first used in
the toy industry at the end of the 1920's.
In the 19th and early 20th centuries shoes and boots were
usually fastened with black buttons (made from wood pulp). These
were often used as eyes in early teddy bears.
Also known as hessian. A course fabric fabric woven from jute
and used for some early stuffed toys.
When used in relation to a rare, early Steiff bear. To use
material economically Steiff cut six teddy bear heads from one
length of mohair, a seventh head was then cut in two pieces
and sewn together forming a seam down the centre of the bears
A two-pronged metal pin used to fasten the disc joints which
allow teddy to move his arms, legs and head.
The waste from the manufacture of cotton was used as stuffing
during World War II when other materials, such as kapok, were
not available. This waste is also known as "sub".
US trade name for wood shavings or wood wool which was used
to stuff teddy bears.
Foam used as a stuffing material during 1960's.
A matted woollen fabric frequently used for teddy's paw and
Golden Teddy Awards
The number of bear artists increased significantly during
the 1980's and 1990's. Their contribution was recognised when
the Golden Teddy awards were introduced in 1987. Robin Rive
has been nominated for and received a number of Golden Teddy
A "voice-box" usually fitted in teddy's tummy but
sometimes in his side which is activated by tipping him forward
A pronounced lump on the back of a bear, first used by Steiff
but copied by other manufacturers. Most often seen on early
A collection of teddy bears.
The bears nose and muzzle is made from a separate, often different,
piece of fabric to the rest of the head/face.
Generally discs are inserted at each arm, leg and at the neck
allowing movement. In the late 1950's bears without joints were
produced which allowed them to be easily washed.
A light-weight, hygenic and soft stuffing material mainly
used in the 1920's and 1930's
A service whereby, once a deposit has been paid, the seller
will keep an item for an agreed period of time during which
the balance is paid by instalments. Tell me more about
Originally yarn or cloth made from the fleece of an angora
goat but today it may be a wool and cotton mix.
"Paw" pads are those at the end of the "arms"
of a teddy bears. "Foot" pads are those on the soles
of the feet. Pads are usually made of felt, but may also be
made of rexine (for teddy bears made in 1940's or later), leather
In the 1980's manufacturers, such as Steiff, began making
copies of their antique teddy bears. Often replica's are made
in limited editions.
The tradename for a leathercloth made by covering a woven
cloth with cellulose nitrate. Used on British bear paw and foot
pads from the late 1930's to early 1960's.
A bear with metal joints that run through the body. Introduced
by Steiff and used in their very early bears.
Used to make moulded noses for teddy bears.
An inexpensive bear, with thin limbs, made in the USA.
A voice box, frequently fitted in teddy's tummy, which emits
a sound when pressed.
Stuffing made from cotton waste and used during World War
II when other materials, such as kapok, were not available.
A thin card tag attached to a bear or hung around it's neck
to identify the manufacturer. These were usually removed by
parents. See the Chad Valley section of our Encyclopaedia for
The number of bear artists increased significantly during
the 1980's and 1990's. Their work was recognised when the Toby
(Teddy Bear of the Year) was introduced in 1990.
US tradename for a soft, synthetic fabric, developed in late
1960's/early 1970's, similar to suede.
The four or five large stitches which form the paw claws are
linked with a strand of thread to produce a webbed effect. This
was used by Farnell and Merrythought in 1930's.
Long, very fine wood shavings used for stuffing teddy bears.
Also known as excelsior. Makes a scrunching sound when pressed.
In America, the teddy bear, according to tradition, got its start with a
cartoon. The cartoon, drawn by Clifford Berryman and titled "Drawing the Line
in Mississippi," showed President Theodore Roosevelt refusing to shoot a baby
bear. According to this often told tale, Roosevelt had traveled to
Mississippi to help settle a border dispute between that state and Louisiana,
and his hosts, wanting to please this avid hunter, took him bear hunting. The
hunting was so poor that someone finally captured a bear and invited Roosevelt
to shoot. Roosevelt's refusal to fire at such a helpless target inspired
Berryman to draw his cartoon with its play on the two ways Roosevelt was
drawing a line—settling a border dispute and refusing to shoot a captive
The cartoon appeared in a panel of cartoons drawn by Cliffored Berryman inThe Washington Post on November 16, 1902. It caused an immediate
sensation and was reprinted widely. Apparently this cartoon even inspired
Morris and Rose Michtom of Brooklyn, New York, to make a bear in honor of the
president's actions. The Michtoms named their bear "Teddy's Bear" and placed
it in the window of their candy and stationery store. Instead of looking
fierce and standing on all four paws like previous toy bears, the Michtoms'
bear looked sweet, innocent, and upright, like the bear in Berryman's cartoon.
Perhaps that's why "Teddy's Bear" made a hit with the buying public. In fact,
the demand was so strong that the Michtoms, with the help of a wholesale firm
called Butler Brothers, founded the first teddy bear manufacturer in the
United States, the Ideal Novelty and Toy Company.
Meanwhile, across the ocean in Germany, Richard Steiff was working for his
aunt, Margarete Steiff, in her stuffed toy business. Richard, a former art
student, often visited the Stuttgart Zoo to sketch animals, particularly the
bear cubs. In 1902, the same year the Michtoms made "Teddy's Bear," the
Steiff firm made a prototype of a toy bear based on Richard's designs.
Though both the Michtoms and Steiff were working on bears at the same time,
certainly neither knew, at a time of poor transatlantic communication, about
the other's creation. Besides, the Michtoms' bear resembled the wide-eyed cub
in the Berryman cartoon, while the Steiff bear, with its humped back and long
snout, looked more like a real bear cub.
A few months later, in March 1903, at the Leipzig Toy Fair, Steiff
introduced its first bear—Baer 55PB. The European buyers showed little
interest, but an American toy buyer, who was aware of the growing interest in
"Teddy's bears" in the States, ordered 3000. In America, people were
beginning to get teddy bear fever, and Steiff was in the right place at the
right time.The Teddy Bear Craze
By 1906, the teddy bear craze was in full swing in the United States. The
excitement probably compared to the frenzy for Cabbage Patch dolls in the
1980s and Beanie Babies in the 1990s. Society ladies carried their teddies
everywhere, and children had their pictures taken with their teddy bears.
President Roosevelt, after using a bear as a mascot in his re-election bid,
was serving his second term. Seymour Eaton, an educator and a newspaper
columnist, was writing a series of children's books about the adventures of
The Roosevelt Bears, and another American, composer J.K. Bratton, wrote "The
Teddy Bear Two Step." That song would become, with the addition of words,"The Teddy Bear's Picnic."
Meanwhile, American manufacturers were turning out bears in all colors and
all kinds, from teddy bears on roller skates to teddy bears with electric
eyes. "Teddy bear," without the apostrophe and the s, became the accepted
term for this plush bruin, first appearing in print in the October 1906 issue
of Playthings Magazine. Even Steiff, a German company, adopted the
name for its bears.
Steiff and Ideal were no longer the only players in the teddy bear
business. In America, dozens of competitors sprang up. Almost all of these
very early companies didn't last, with the notable exception of the Gund
Manufacturing Corporation. Gund made its first bears in 1906 and is still
making bears today.
American teddy bear companies faced stiff competition from all the teddy
bears imported from Germany, and many of the U.S. companies didn't last long.
In Germany, toymaking was an old and established industry, and many German
firms, such as Bing, Schuco, and Hermann, joined with Steiff in making fine
In England, The J.K. Farnell & Co. got its start; in fact, the original
Winnie the Pooh was a Farnell bear Christopher Robin Milne received as a first
birthday present from his mother in 1921. Five years later, his father, A.A.
Milne, would begin to publish the Winnie-the-Pooh books about his son
Christopher's adventures with his bear and his other stuffed animals. Today
you can see the original toys that inspired the Winnie-the-Pooh books on
permanent display in the Central Children's Room of the Donnell Branch of the
New York Public Library in New York City, while the Pooh books themselves are
as popular as ever.More Great Years: The 1920s - 1940s
With the exception of the four years when World War I raged in Europe, the
next 25 years were kind to the teddy bear. Mass production had not yet taken
over the teddy bear world, and people still preferred to buy high quality,
hand-finished teddy bears.
Because World War I interrupted the flow of teddy bears from Germany, new
teddy bear industries developed outside Germany. Chad Valley, Chiltern, and
Dean's joined Farnell in England; Pintel and Fadap were begun in France, and
Joy Toys in Australia. The bears themselves changed, too. Boot-button eyes
were replaced by glass, and excelsior stuffing was replaced by a softer
The United States was relatively untouched by the war, and its teddy bear
industry continued to grow. For example, the Knickerbocker Toy Company got
its start in 1920 and continues to make teddy bears today. Nine years later,
though, the U.S. was hit by the Depression, and most teddy bear companies were
hurt by the financial crisis. After 1929, many American companies either
found cheaper ways to produce bears, or they closed.
In the 1920s and 30s, musical bears and mechanical bears were very popular,
and they were produced all over the world. Perhaps the most noteworthy
manufacturers of these novelty bears were Schuco and Bing. These two German
companies made bears that walked, danced, played ball, and even turned
But the outbreak of World War II in 1939 stopped the fun. Instead of
making teddy bears, the world's workers and factories were needed for the war
effort. Some companies closed and never reopened.The Lean Years: The 1950s - 1970s
While traditional teddy bear companies had always prided themselves on
quality hand-finishing and had always used natural fibers to make their bears,
all that changed after World War II. Fueled by a desire for washable toys,
synthetic fibers were all the rage in the post-War years. Buyers liked the
idea of washable toys, so bears were made from nylon or acrylic plush, and had
plastic eyes and foam rubber stuffing.
While traditional teddy bear companies could adapt to this change in
materials, they were not prepared to compete against the flood of much
cheaper, mass-produced teddy bears coming from eastern Asia. Even the old,
well-established companies were hurt by the onslaught of inexpensive teddy
bears from the Far East. The Teddy Bear's Comeback: The Present
Strangely enough, the comeback of the teddy after years of mass-production
was triggered, not by a bear maker, but by an actor. On television, British
actor Peter Bull openly expressed his love for teddy bears and his belief in
the teddy bear's importance in the emotional life of adults. After receiving
2000 letters in response to his public confession, Peter realized he wasn't
alone. In 1969, inspired by this response, he wrote a book about his lifelong
affection for teddy bears, Bear with Me, later called The Teddy
Bear Book. His book struck an emotional chord in thousands who also
believed in the importance of teddy bears. Without intending to, Bull created
an ideal climate for the teddy bear's resurgence. The teddy bear began to
regain its popularity, not so much as a children's toy, but as a collectible
In 1974, Beverly Port, an American dollmaker who also loved making teddy
bears, dared to take a teddy bear she made to a doll show. At the show, she
presented Theodore B. Bear holding the hand of one of her dolls. The
next year, Beverly presented a slide show she had created about teddy bears
for the United Federation of Doll Clubs. That show quickly became a
sensation. Other people, first in the United States and then all over world,
caught Beverly's affection for the teddy bear. They, too, began applying
their talents to designing and making teddy bears. One by one, and by hand,
teddy bear artistry was born with Beverly, who coined the term "teddy bear
artist," often cited as the mother of teddy bear artistry. Today thousands of
teddy bears artists, often working from their homes all over the world, create
soft sculpture teddy bear art for eager collectors.
Artist bears also set the stage for a new kind of manufactured bear, the
artist-designed manufactured bear. Today artist-designed manufactured bears
are offered by Ganz, Gund, Dean's, Knickerbocker, Grisly Spielwaren, and
others; all offer collectors the opportunity to own artist-designed bears that
cost less due to mass production.
American teddy bear artist Heather Stanley made 14-inch Simon.
This increased appreciation for the teddy bear as an adult collectible has
also increased the value of antique teddy bears, the hand-finished,
high-quality teddy bears manufactured in the first decades of the 20th
century. In the 1970s and 1980s, these old, manufactured teddy bears began
showing up in antique doll and toy auctions, and they began winning higher and
higher bids. Today the current record price for one teddy bear, Teddy
Girl by Steiff, is $176,000; that bear was sold at Christie's auction
house in 1994.
So what's next for the teddy bear? Certainly our love affair with the teddy
bear shows no signs of abating.
In 1999, in just the United States, collectors purchased $441 million worth
of teddy bears. Certainly, as we begin our journey through a new century, we
certainly need the teddy bear's gift of uncondtional acceptance, love, and
reassurance more than ever.
The name Teddy Bear comes from one of American President Theodore Roosevelt's hunting trips to Mississippi.
There were several other hunters competing, and most of them had
already shot something. A suite of Roosevelt's attendants, lead by Holt Collier, cornered, clubbed, and tied to a willow tree an American Black Bearafter a long exhausting chase with hounds. They called Roosevelt to the
site and suggested he shoot it. He refused to shoot the bear himself,
deeming this un-sportsmanlike, but instructed that the bear be killed to put it out of its misery, and it became the topic of a political cartoon by Clifford Berryman in The Washington Post on November 16, 1902.While the initial cartoon of an adult black bear lassoed by a white
handler and a disgusted Roosevelt had symbolic overtones, later issues
of that and other Berryman cartoons made the bear smaller and cuter. A Brooklyn store owner, Morris Michtom,
saw the drawing of Roosevelt and the bear cub and was inspired to
create a new toy. He created a little stuffed bear cub and put it in
his shop window with a sign that read "Teddy's bear." The toys were an
immediate success and Michtom founded the Ideal Novelty and Toy Co., which still exists today.
At the same time, in Germany the Steiff firm, unaware of Michtom's bear, produced a stuffed bear from Richard Steiff's designs. They exhibited the toy at the Leipzig Toy Fair in March 1903 and exported 3000 to the United States.
By 1906 manufacturers other than Michtom and Steiff had joined in
and the craze for Teddy Bears was such that ladies carried them
everywhere, children were photographed with them, and Roosevelt used
one as a mascot in his bid for re-election.
American educator Seymour Eaton wrote the children's book series The Roosevelt Bears, while composer John Bratton wrote "The Teddy Bear Two Step" music which with Jimmy Kennedy's lyrics became the song "The Teddy Bears' Picnic".
While the Mississippi history is fact, another legend of how the
teddy bear got its name comes from the American state of Colorado.
In 1905, the Hotel Colorado in Glenwood Springs, Colorado,
became the temporary home for the President of the United States and
his assistants during a three-week bear hunting expedition. Roosevelt
stayed at the Hotel Colorado on multiple occasions after this.
According to the hotel, maids gave a stuffed bear pieced together
with scraps of material to Theodore Roosevelt after an unsuccessful day
of hunting to cheer him up. Later, when he did kill a bear, his teenage
daughter Alice admired it saying, "I will call it Teddy."
 Kinds of teddy bears
A 1902 political cartoon in The Washington Post spawned the Teddy bear name.
Commercially made, mass-produced teddy bears are predominantly made
as toys for children. These bears have safety joints for attaching arms
legs and heads. They must have securely fastened eyes that do not pose
a choking hazard for small children. These "plush" bears must meet a
rigid standard of construction in order to be marketed to children in
the United States and in the European Union.
By contrast, artist bears are not mass produced and are not intended
for small children. In fact, most carry a tag saying that "These bears
are intended for an adult market of avid collectors. They are
individually created by a whole host of artists around the world. Many
of these artists design their own bears as well as making them by hand
or stitching them up on home sewing machines. These bears are not mass
They are available for purchase through the individual artists,
specialty shops, web sites, and at art shows, Teddy Bear shows and
craft shows across the globe. These bears are almost always jointed
with movable heads, arms and legs. The jointing systems to attach these
appendages and heads are most often disk and screw or disk and cotter
pin combinations but can be done with buttons, simple string, chain or
any other method an enterprising artist may devise.
There are also companies that sell handmade collectible bears that
can be purchased in stores or over the Internet. Some examples of such
companies are Steiff and Original Paka Bear Company.
The "fur" from which these charming creatures are made is as varied
and interesting as the bears themselves. Mohair, the fur shorn or
combed from a breed of long haired goats, is woven into cloth, dyed and
trimmed to produce a fascinating choice for any artist's palette.
Alpaca teddy bears are made from the pelt of an alpaca because the
fiber is too soft to weave. In addition to mohair and alpaca, there is
a huge selection of "plush" or synthetic fur made for the teddy bear
market. Both these types of fur are commercially produced.
10 modern day teddy bears of various type.
Some teddy bear artists specialize in the production of bears made
from recycled materials. These artists hunt thrift stores, flea
markets, garage sales and trash collection centers as well as their own
and their families' basements and attics in search of forgotten
treasures to be turned into a collector's dream. Old quilts, dresses,
fur collars, coats and stoles as well as beaded bags and garments are
quickly transformed into stunning teddy bears.
Some other teddy bear artists specialize in crochet bears made out
of thread. They are called Thread Crochet Bears. For these bears
artists do not use fabric; they make the fabric crocheting and at the
same time make the bear. Thread Crochet Bears are fully jointed,
miniature bears. Some are even micro, less than 2 inches tall. Thread
crochet bears may be made out of crochet cotton thread, Perle cotton
thread, Mohair thread, Punch thread, some thin fancy yarn, like
eyelash, or any other fiber that can be.
Teddy bears have seen a resurgence in popularity as national "do it
yourself" chains have opened. Among the largest and best known are Build-A-Bear Workshop and Vermont Teddy Bear Companywith the former being mostly in malls where you go in and actually
piece together your own teddy bear including its accessories such as
shirts, pants, shoes, hats, glasses, etc.
The world's first Teddy Bear Museum was set up in Petersfield, Hampshire, England, in 1984. In 1990, a similar foundation was set up in Naples, Florida, United States. This was closed in 2005, and the bears sold by auction.
^ U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Holt Collier:Guiding Roosevelt through the Mississippi Canebreaks
^ a b c Teddy Bears. Library Of Congress. Retrieved on 2007-12-10.
^ Marianne Clay. The History of the Teddy Bear. Retrieved on 2007-12-10.
^ Theodore Roosevelt Association. The story of The Teddy Bear...
^ a b Gary. Teddy Bear Information. Retrieved on 2008-03-03.
^ Teddy bear celebrates 100th birthday BBC, 2002-12-03
^ Seymour Eaton. Greater Lansdowne Civic Association (GLCA) (2003). Retrieved on 2007-12-10.
^ Teddy Bear Picnic. Marc Gunn. Retrieved on 2007-12-10.
^ Hotel Colorado
Steiff is a German-based
plush toy company known for its high quality and equally high prices.
It was begun in 1880 by Margarete Steiff, who was later assisted by her
brother Fritz. Their nephew Richard joined in 1897, who gave the
company an enormous boost in popularity by creating the teddy bear in 1902. In 1907, Steiff manufactured 974,000 bears, and has been increasing its output ever since.
The Steiff company motto, as styled by Margarete Steiff, is "Only
the best is good enough for children". Steiff products are subject to
meticulous testing and inspection. They are required to be highly flame
resistant and, among other things, smaller pieces such as eyes must be
able to resist considerable tension, wear and tear, etc.
The most common materials used in Steiff toys are alpaca, felt, mohair, and woven plush. Eyes are generally made of wood or glass, and the stuffing is commonly wood shavings or polyesterfibers. A large amount of the work is done by hand, from design
sketches to airbrushed paint. The final touch on any Steiff toy is the
trademark "button in ear" (assuming the animal has one; in any case
they'll find a spot for it).
The famed "button in ear" was devised by Margarete's nephew Franz in
1904, to keep counterfeits from being passed off as authentic Steiff
toys. It was originally of metal with the symbol of an elephant, later
replaced by the name "Steiff". The button is still used to distinguish
Steiff toys from fakes.
 Margarete Steiff
Margarete Steiff (July 24, 1847 - May 9, 1909), born in Giengen, started creating toy stuffed animals in 1880 in the town of Giengen an der Brenz, Germany.
Margarete was a seamstress and confined to a wheelchair, due to polio she contracted as a baby, she started making stuffed animals as a hobby.
These toys began as elephants, which were originally a design Steiff found in a magazine and originally sold as pincushionsto her friends. However, children began playing with them, and in the
years following she went on to design many other successful
animal-themed toys for children, such as dogs, cats and pigs. She designed and made most of the prototypes herself.
She died in Giengen on May 9, 1909 of pneumonia.
Amy Goodrich, Ireland
Anjo Noija, The Netherlands
Annemieke Koetse, Netherlands
Atlantic Bears, Scotland
Becky Wheeler, USA
Christy Firmage, U.S.A
Deborah Beardsley Elertson, U.S.A
Elaine Goodhand, England
Elaine Lonsdale, England
Emi Etchu, Japan
Gaby Schlotz, Germany
Gill Cousins, England
Gisela Hofmann, Germany
Heidi Schaefer, GERMANY
Heike Boam, Germany
Hiroe Nojiri, Japan
Hisa Kato, Japan
Jeanette Warner, United States
Jo-Anne Pennick, uk
Joan Easton, New Zealand
Jody Battaglia, United States
June Kendall, England
Jutta Michels, Germany
Katrin Mueller, Germany
Lesley Stipanov, Australia
Lindy Mullard, British
Lorraine Almond, Australia
Louise Peers, UK
Marie Robischon, Germany
Marji Bebiak, USA
Mary George, USA
Megan Chamberlain, South Africa
Micha Parnell, England
Michael Jordan, Germany
Miho Kinugasa, Japan
Monty & Joe Sours, USA
Nadia Jacobs, Belgium
Pam Howells, England
Pat Murphy, U.S.A
Peng Peng Klayman, USA
Ralph and Gloria Norbury, British
Saeri Omachi, Japan
Sally Bowles, British
Sally Lambert, UK
Sharon Barron, USA
Sharon Queen, USA
Silke Mouarrawy, Germany
Sue Lain, U.S.A
Sue Quinn, UK The name Teddy Bear comes from the November 1902
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